''Poland Travel Guide''

Facts about Poland

European Union membership: since 1 May 2004
Language: Polish
Other common languages spoken: English, German, Russian, French
Time: GMT/UTC plus one hour
Electricity: 220 volts, 50 Hz AC Euro socket style
Weights & measures: Metric
Currency: 1 zloty = 100 grosz

The Republic of Poland

Poland is located in the heart of Europe and covers an area of 312,700 square kilometres. Its boundaries are formed by the Baltic Sea to the north, Germany to the west, the Czech and Slovak Republics to the south and Ukraine, Belarus, Lithuania and Russia to the east. Although Poland's topography is characterised mainly by lowland plains, its variable landscape includes important mountain chains, such as the Sudety and Tatra Mountains. Hundreds of freshwater lakes are hidden away in the northern part of the country: the Pomeranian and Mazurian Lake Districts are set amidst picturesque hills and primeval forests. Touching the Baltic Sea in the north, Poland offers 528 km of coastline with sandy beaches.

Poland has around 38 million inhabitants, 1,650,000 of whom live in the capital city of Warsaw (Warszawa) and other major cities, such as Cracow (Krakow), Gdansk, Poznan, Lodz, Szczecin, Wroclaw. The population is largely of Polish descent. The official language is Polish. Here you will find the national anthem and national emblem. From 1 May 2004 Poland has been a member of the European Union. Poland is a parliamentary republic and is divided into 16 administrative provinces (województwa). Since 1989, the country has been undergoing an important transformation into a Market Economy.

Travel to and during your residence in Poland

You can travel to and within Poland by air, land, or sea. Most travellers arrive by air, and then take advantage of the numerous possibilities to see the country by land. If you fly into Poland, you will land either at Okecie Airport in Warsaw, Balice Airport in Krakow or Rebiechowo Airport in Gdansk. Warsaw's Okecie International Airport stands testament to Poland's renewed economy: it claims to be the most modern and safe airport in Central Europe and offers all sorts of useful services (car rental, travel agencies, a post office, a bank, restaurants, and shops). Poland is covered by a dense network of rail and coach services which provide an easy access to almost any place you can find on the map.

City transport

Buses, trams, trolleybuses, and the underground (only in Warsaw) make up the public transport system in Poland. Buses run on ordinary, fast and night lines. Tickets may be purchased at news-stands, some shops, sometimes from bus-drivers; they should be validated immediately upon boarding. Fare rates vary in different cities and tickets purchased in one city cannot be used in another. Each piece of bulky luggage or a pet needs an additional ticket, the equivalent of a normal passenger fare. Steep on the spot debt are given debt for travelling or transporting bulky luggage without valid tickets. Any place in Poland can be easily reached on the extensive network of national and local roads. Coach services are operated throughout the year by state and private bus companies across the country.

Passport and visas

EU visitors should hold a passport valid up to at least for the duration of the intended stay in Poland or another officially recognised proof of identity confirming the nationality of the holder. Nationals of certain non-EU countries do not require a visitor's visas:


Poland has a temperate changeable climate. In winter the temperatures vary from the mid 30's to the low 60's °F (-1 to -15°C). Spring progresses in March with temperatures varying from 5 to 20°C, until about May or June. July is the hottest month, but the rest of the summer is also quite warm with temperatures ranging from the mid 70's into the low 90's °F (21 to 32 °C). Initially warm and balmy, September marks the beginning of Poland's autumn. Thereafter, the days become more damp and foggy until December, when winter arrives and the temperature drops to a few degrees below zero. Characterised by abundant snowfall but with plenty of sunshine, Poland's winter season caters for winter sport activities of all types.

Tourist Card - Poland Tourist Card - Poland

Tourists' cards, very popular all over the Europe, are now available in almost every major city in Poland. The Polish Tourist Organization has introduced a discount card called ''Polish Card''. The main purpose of the card is to promote Poland' tourist attractions and facilitate their availability. The Polish Card is a program offering a system of discounts and incentives while funding for accommodation, tourist services, at restaurants and many other locations all over the Country. The card and the catalogue may be obtained free of charge from any of the contributive outlets in Poland.

Some of the Major Cities of Poland

Warsaw, for instance:

Warsaw - City with an Attitude

The capital of Poland is a meeting place for politicians, economists and artists of all nationalities.

Enthralling places to visit:

Old Town

The Old Town is the oldest part of Warsaw - the King’s Castle and its surrounding walls were built in the 13th century. Most of the area was annihilated by the Nazis during World War II, however was meticulously rebuilt - a project that was finally completed in the 1980s and earned a place on the ''UNESCO'' World Heritage List. Today it is a lively place full of galleries, cafés and restaurants.

Royal Lazienki Park

One of the most magnificent palace and garden complexes in Europe.It includes numerous historical monuments and a park in a formerly wild forest. Łazienki is a museum, a place for cultural, scientific and entertainment events and a great place for a walk. For 50 years, free piano concerts have been held here during the summer weekends next to the famous monument of F. Chopin. Crowds of tourists and local classical music lovers gather here.

Wilanow Palace

Wilanów Palace, built for King Jan III Sobieski, is one of Poland’s greatest Baroque monuments. Many distinguished stylistic eras are represented in the Palace’s many parts. The two-level, mixed-style garden is the frame for Wilanów Palace. It is full of sculptures and fountains. Cascades of water, situated on the southern end of the park, fall into a lake that surrounds the eastern segment of the grounds.

The facts of Cracow - The jewel in the crown

Cracow, famous for its priceless historical monuments of culture and art, is Poland's former royal capital and one of the most attractive spots on the tourist map of Europe.

''Besides history, art and an atmosphere all of its own, Cracow offers visitors entertainment and leisure as following: theatres, cabarets, public clubs, cafes, bars, wine cellars and restaurants having something to recommend for everyone.''

The Barbican

The Barbican – a circular Gothic bastion- served both as the town’s main entry path, and as its key defence. It was built by the end of the fifteenth generation, and still perseveres in excellent condition until today. According to experts, between the fifteenth and eighteenth century it was a fortress which proved impossible to conquer.

Czartoryski Museum

The present building dates back to 1878.

Much of the Museum’s collection which the Nazis looted was recovered, but a certain quantity of 840 artefacts are still missing, including a photograph by Raphael. Apart from the paintings, exhibits append collections of armour, weaponry, carpets and ceramics, as well as numerous ancient Egyptian, Etruscan, Greek and Roman treasures.

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What you need to know about France

France is a popular destination for millions of tourists for its charming atmosphere. There are numerous sights in the country which never cease to amaze visitors. Paris, also known as the "city of romance", is the capital of France. France is the largest country in Western Europe. It is composed of lush plains, rich mountains and beautiful coasts. Because of its high-yielding resources, it is the lead country in the European Union for food exports. France's climate is temperately cold, except near mountains or in the northeast as compared to Southern France, which is generally tropical, making it an ideal place for grape farm business. French wine is considered as one of the most magnificent tasting wines internationally. The country is the largest wine producer in the world. Paris is well recognised by the tourists for its pre-historic heritage, and the sort of environment that the city has to offer for those who are planning their first holiday, on any ocassion, will certainly keep them reminded of how amazing the experience they must have had during a stay in this amazing country.

The Eiffel Tower in Paris needs no presentation, it is one the most famous monuments in the world visited by more than 5 million people each year. Built 1889 for the Universal Exhibition in celebration of the French Revolution. The metal structure of the Eiffel Tower weighs 7,300 tonnes while the entire structure, including non-metal components, is approximately 10,000 tonnes. The tower stands 324 metres (1,063 ft) tall, about the same height as an 81-storey building.    

Notre Dame

Masterpiece of Gothic architecture, the cathedral Notre-Dame de Paris, was conceptualized by Bishop Maurice de Sully. The building was constituted between the 12th and the 14th century, 1163-1345. The French road distances have been established from the (0 km) point, situated upon the square in front of the cathedral entrance.

 The Louvre

The Louvre Museum (Musée du Louvre) is the most monumental exhibition building in the world, and unquestionablly very well recognized by many as well. Dan Brown’s “The Da Vinci Code” probably transformed Louvre to a more legendary place than it already was. The architecture of Louvre itself resembled a significant story behind it. Originally, the Louvre was to defend the country from the Anglo-Norman imperilment during the 12th century. The fortress disinherited its purpose in the 15th century, hence the building was demolished to be reassembled into a royal residence in the 16th century.  

The constitution of the current Louvre building commenced in 1546 and was only accomplished in 1876. Since Louis XIV established his place in Versailles in 1670s, the Palais du Louvre's original purpose of reconstruction a few years later around (1692's) was disrupted. Louis XIV arranged for the gallery innovations of antique sculpture in Louvre, next focused on the revolutionary of Louvre by transforming the mansion into a museum. The Museum Central des Arts was officially exhibited to the nation, as a museum in 1793, and the collections gradually disseminated to dominate over the building, to become the Louvre Museum we have today.

Arc De Triomphe

The Arc de Triomphe is one of the most recognized monuments in Paris. It is a triumphal arch in the center of the Place Charles de Gaulle, at the western end of the Champs-Élysées, commissioned by Napoleon by 1806. The building stands at a stagerring 167 feet. This Arc de Triomphe was addressed to the French military force and, since 1920 has been the residence to the Unknown Soldier’s grave, the image that resembles the Arch of Titus in Rome, which was purely executed by Jean Chalgrin.

Palais Garnier

The Palais Garnier is the thirteenth theatre to house the Paris Opera since it was invented by Louis XIV in 1669. A profoundly resplendent building, the Paris Opera House was introduced by the architect Charles Garnier and developed between the years of 1860 and 1875. Regardless of the incurred problems, such as the eruption of war and the collapse of the sovereignity, the building was initiated on 15th January 1875. The most famous and impressive feature of the Opera House is the grand staircase, which must be a considerably deluxe staircases in existence. Derived from various marble complexion, the double staircase leads from the entrance hall to the auditorium. 

It adds to the romance and glamour to them, which may convince the public that this was once the ultimate place for socialites to be seen in all their fashionable glory. The primary effect of the building is one of stunning luxury, in spite of its corruption in the 18th century. The foyers were designed not merely as foyers but to offer the audience somewhere to people-watch and enjoy a casual work during the interval. They are magnificently embelished with mosaics, mirrors and sculpture. The Paris Opera House is also home to a small gallery which hosts exhibitions as well as a permanent exhibition of the operas establishments within its history.

Musee d'Orsay

Musée d’Orsay (The Orsay Museum) is one of the finest art museums in Paris. Earlier, it used to be a railway station (Gare d'Orsay), which was first constructed in 1900s, and later was abandoned in the 1930s. By the 1970s, Gare d'Orsay was arranged for removal, however the Parisians withdrew that decision, hence the building was defended and eventually became one of the most known museums in Paris.

 Chatres Cathedral

Chartres Cathedral (13th century), France. Famed for its sculpture, stained-glass windows, and architectural innovations, that transformed this building into the greatest French Gothic cathedrals. The Amiens and Reims cathedrals fall into the same category. Residing in north central France in the city of the similar designation, Chartres Cathedral is a Roman Catholic cathedral which is perceived to be among the best representations of High Gothic architecture in France, and was fully established between 1193 and 1250. A building is dedicated to the Goddess, and one of the Virgin Mary cathedral sites in the pattern of Virgo in France.

Les Invalides

It’s frequently spoken of when you come across a historic building designed for something other than its elementary purpose. While a building can preserve in a good condition for a long time, the reason behind its existence lies in the changes that are consistently being made over the years. Such is the case with Les Invalides in Paris – a series of buildings which once served as a military hospital, being surrounded by many museums, and is one of the most recognized graves in Paris. In 1670, an order for a new building was authorized, that consolidated a hospital for soldiers and a sort of residence for retired soldiers, due to which the building was later known as a “hôpital des invalides”, interpreted as a (hospital for invalids).

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The knowledge of the French language

It is very relevant for tourists to consider learning the French language. A tourist requires the skill to speak French to be able to communicate with the local people. Your trip to France will be more productive and indulging if you manage to involve with French people. Speaking their language reveals respect. French people appreciate foreign visitors who gain the courage to input an adequate effort in speaking this particular language. In return it will also be easier and enable you to become acquainted with a French culture once you have learned to speak an equal language. There are lots of ways to learn French. You can receive a personal tutor as many tutorial classes are available in Paris and other cities. One effective measure to obtain such knowledge is to enroll in a public Institution.

Passport and Visa

A passport is required in order to gain the eligibility for entry to France. A visa may as well be in demand for foreign visitors having arranged their arrival to France depending on the nationality, the length of the residence and the main purpose of the trip. Of those who are interested in getting settled in Paris permanently must therefore inherit a Visa Work Permit to get into employment on the legal basis. However, the process after the submission of the application form may take up to a few days or more for it to be approved. EU citizens are permitted to work in France without having to obtain a Work Permit or a Visa. On the other hand, the British nationals wishing to live in France should have a valid passport. For further details visit: France Visa Information

'' Welcome to India''

The Weather

In regards to the climate of the Country, often during the summer season the weather (temperature) may become moderately tropical, and a minor mass of the rain storm certainly can occur in the certain areas. But, as the winter period approaches, the over all environment of the city reveals tremendous changes, as you get to experience something completely different during each season.

The Transport

We all enjoy traveling abroad, yet a simple arrangement for a vacation or leisure family trip in a location which you have already established would even bring such an experience that you will never want to forget. Moreover, the public transportation that is also very cheap such as buses can frequently become humid, which makes it unsuitable for a regular utility, particularly while intending on traveling on a long distance. Unfortunately, the population of the Country is significantly large, that due to the diffident traffic, as a result hinders the passengers from maneuvering along the driveway. So, if at any occasion you plan to drop in on other parts of the City, it would be (a lot more) advisable option to take a private transport such as your own vehicle to your disposal, if investing your time efficiently is taken into account. Although, a car maintenance along is quite expensive because of its consistent usage of petrol, this should not interfere with other additional expenditure at hand.

Food Products/Service

As far as the quality of ''food products'' are concerned as well as other utility equipments, the cost are sufficiently low, depending on the certain product and its brand. We also offer you a range of public dining; bars, restaurants, or even night clubs to keep an individual entertained.

Recruitment procedure/the possibilities to get into further employment

Here are a few tips for you:
To convince an employer that the position you have applied for is suitable for you, it is imperative that you state both your previous working and educational history in brief and to the point, adding what you have accomplished from each of those experiences with clarity and confidence. Upon the information having obtained from you, the interviewer would subsequently make their decision on whether you are the candidate they is looking based on the value you can contribute to the company. Keep in mind, that the salary negotiations come last, otherwise you would present yourself as someone who isn't really interested in the job, hence the opportunity for you to get hired are jeopardized. However, there is always the solution to this type of situtations.

There are many facilities at hand for you to get you into the right training at the right time by involving in some voluntary work for a temporary period of time, through which you can gain additional skills and experience. Then possibly you would find a better job that offers exactly what you need to earn a good income. But again, to be considered for the position you are applying by the company, acquisition of the knowledge in the field may not necessarily persuade the employer that you have what it takes to perform the job, unless you possess the qualities that would enable you to achieve the goals in the challenging working environments. These qualities are willingness to learn, abiltiy to cooperate with others effectively, and of course don't forget to explain the reasons for your interest in the company.

The following are the places which we believe you should get familiar with, if taking a vacation to India is what you have in mind.

The places to visit - New Delhi

Lotus Temple

Lotus Temple is one of the remarkable architectures of Baha'i faith. It is located at Kalkaji in New Delhi.The temple looks like a lotus flower and is made of marble, cement, dolomite and sand. The temple has no restrictions for visitors and is open to people from all religions. The place provides immaculate environment for meditation, peace and wisdom. The Baha'i temple was completed in 1986. Since then the temple has received recognition from all over the world for its splendid architecture and design. Lotus Temple is among the most visited monuments in India. The credit for building this beautiful structure goes to the Persian architect Fariborz Sahba from Canada.

Taj Mahal, and Red Fort

New Delhi is the capital of northern India after the Muslim invasion and also the political capital. The Taj Mahal was built as a mausoleum for the emperor Shan Jahan’s wife. He was considered the wealthiest man in the world at the time (early 17th century). The Taj Mahal is actually a complex not just one building, you should look around the entire complex which provides impressive views and structures. Nearby is the Red Fort which is an extravagant palace of the foreign Mughals (Indian for Mongols) empire.

India Gate

One of the most popular tourist destinations in the capital the India Gate today acts as a popular picnic spot for most of the tourists and citizens of Delhi. Also known as the 'All India War Memorial', the India Gate in Delhi was constructed as a memorial in honor of 90,000 soldiers who surrendered their lives during World War I and also the Third Anglo Afghan War. 'Amar Jawan Jyoti' or the flame of the immortal warrior is burning under it since 1971. The eternal flame reprimands one of the sacrifices of those brave soldiers who forfeited their precious lives in an attempt to protect the country.India Gate in Delhi at present is a famous relaxation for the local people of Delhi in summer evenings and a popular picnic spot in winter months. The popular India Gate is located at the heart of the capital, and easily accessible by the tourists.

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